Rencontre femmes ethiopie

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Ceramic traditions: Two recent field missions in Central and Southern Ethiopia

Continuer la lecture de Free Online Access: Continuer la lecture de Joint Seminar: En français: In English: Benishangul conflict spurred by investment, land titling, rumors. Continuer la lecture de Gimgema: A minutes documentary about the Abaya archaeological mission. On Arte TV, February 9, , 8: Continuer la lecture de On Arte TV: Use-wear and taphonomy: Thursday April 17, — Thursday March 28, — New Publication Ethiopia Insight. Wednesday March 6, — Jeudi 21 février Horaire: Monday February 18, am Venue: In the current context where the public health system provides a range of reproductive options for free, this discursive move allows women reproductive choices that are not over-determined by religion.

This includes transition between different periods of ancient history, the transformation of the natural environment and types of human settlements. The site of Wakarida, chosen as the first study area, is situated near the eastern edge of the Tigray plateau, dominating the Afar depression. Two areas, excavated between and , revealed typically Aksumite structures whose ground plans and construction techniques are similar to those of the large complexes of Matara or Aksum, although their dimensions are smaller.

Though situated far from the capital and main commercial routes, the site of Wakarida was not isolated. Several sites, mostly smaller, have been discovered during the regional survey, mostly dating to the same period, and it seems that Wakarida was a centre of local power. Some archaeological remains could date to earlier periods and they are now under study.

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After a preliminary evaluation in , a first excavation campaign in excavated about forty burials. These data make it possible to analyze the funeral space over a long period, to observe numerous cases of reuse of graves and changes in the practices. This first campaign also yielded new data on the typology of the graves, the funeral practices and the medieval populations of Ethiopia.


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The lands received according to gult were generally of large size and theoretically inalienable. The cultivation and taxation imposed on the land-plots depended on the history of each particular institution. To donate or to confirm a gult landholding and to clarify the rights pertaining to land-plots are two legal actions that overlap and complement each other.

Mariages interéthniques et changement social dans la région Afar de l'Éthiopie

As part of a broader research project aimed at addressing this gap, this article explores the life and achievements of Mohamedally Shaikh Sharafaly, the best known of these Indian businessmen, who set up one of the largest commercial and industrial business in Ethiopia. The account follows the narrative of an un-published letter the merchant wrote in about his business trajectory.

From his arrival in Harar in the late 19 th century to the eventual expulsion of his company in , his story is highly revealing of the political context in which large foreign businesses would emerge, involving both friendship with the Ethiopian emperors and diplomatic protection, in the case of Indians as British subjects.

Mohamedally Shaikh Sharafaly created an extensive network of Indian outlets throughout the country and organized a powerful multi-partnership with Indian fellows, with branches in Djibouti, Aden, and Berbera. The G. On several occasions, the company provided intelligence to foreign countries and it actively supported Ethiopians against the Italian occupation.

PUBLICATION : Annales d’Ethiopie, n°30 | UN ŒIL SUR LA CORNE / AN EYE ON THE HORN

On the social scene, it remained a long-term leader of the Indian community and was famous for its various philanthropic engagements. The expulsion, as brutal as it was,also showed the political power exercised in India by the company and its founder.

LES PEUPLES DE L'OMO - ETHIOPIE (VERSION COMPLETE 52') Muammer YILMAZ & Philippe FREY

This text, written probably between and , is supposed to be a letter written by Muslim authorities from abroad to Muslims living in the Wällo region. This text has very specific characteristics and its analysis shows that it was a document produced in a Christian Orthodox milieu in order to justify the harsh policy directed against Muslims in Ethiopia at that time.

They took special military training and ultimately were promoted to the rank of Second Lieutenant. The Korean campaign took place amidst the anti-colonial struggle of African nations for independence; and, at a time when the nursing profession was very much needed and in high demand, the significant role of these two Ethiopian nurses reinforced nursing profession and promoted the role of women in society.

Néanmoins, les femmes ne sont pas exclues de toutes les activités du soufisme. Afin de justifier leur implication croissante dans les affaires religieuses, les souverains associèrent leur personne et leur image à celles de ces deux femmes, de façon à renforcer la dimension sacrée de leur propre pouvoir.

En parallèle, ils organisèrent et imposèrent le culte de ces figures en leur dédiant des jours saints dans le synaxaire, en faisant traduire différents textes et en développant une iconographique susceptible de servir de support visuel à ces nouvelles dévotions. À la fin du xv e siècle, le principe de la régence fut introduit.

Au cours du xvi e siècle, les reines exercèrent la régence et se mirent à construire des églises royales. En parallèle, leurs descriptions dans les chroniques royales les associèrent de plus en plus à Hélène ou Marie.

Dès lors, les reines commencèrent à être intégrées à la représentation du pouvoir et de la famille royale. Dans le cadre des pratiques curatives traditionnelles qui font appel à diverses forces ésotériques, les difficultés que rencontrent les femmes en recourant aux services de santé sont particulièrement évidentes. En outre, les différentes catégories de personnel ecclésiastique sont souvent difficiles à distinguer aux yeux des laïcs et des femmes, créant ainsi la confusion entre les vrais spécialistes rituels et les charlatans.

Les prêtres eux-mêmes étaient en désaccord sur cette question lors des entretiens menés individuellement. Dans le contexte actuel où le système de santé public propose un éventail étendu de moyens de contraception gratuits, ce déplacement discursif offre aux femmes la possibilité de faire des choix en matière de reproduction qui ne sont pas surdéterminés par la religion.

Cette première campagne fournit également des données inédites sur la typologie des tombes, les pratiques funéraires et les populations médiévales en Éthiopie. Affirmer ou confirmer un domaine gult et préciser les droits au niveau du parcellaire sont bien deux actions juridiques qui se recouvrent et se complètent.

Dominique Harre La firme indienne G.